Selected Professional Publications by HMMC Scientists


Frankel, A. S., C. M. Gabriele, S. Yin & S. H. Rickards. 2021. Humpback whale abundance in Hawai‘i: Temporal trends and response to climatic drivers. Marine Mammal Science 10.1111/mms.12856.


Frankel, A. S., & Stein, P. J. (2020). Gray whales hear and respond to signals from a 21–25 kHz active sonar. Marine Mammal Science,

Cates, K. A., Atkinson, S., Pack, A. A., Straley, J. M., Gabriele, C. M., & Yin, S. (2020). Corticosterone in central North Pacific male humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae): Pairing sighting histories with endocrine markers to assess stress. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 296, 113540,


Cates, K. A., Atkinson, S., Gabriele, C. M., Pack, A. A., Straley, J. M., & Yin, S. (2019). Testosterone trends within and across seasons in male humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) from Hawaii and Alaska. Gen Comp Endocrinol. doi:10.1016/j.ygcen.2019.03.013

Clark, C. W., Gagnon, C., & Frankel, A. S. (2019). Fin Whale Singing Decreases with Increased Swimming Speed. Royal Society Open Science. 6:180525


Cholewiak, D, CW Clark, D Ponirakis, AS Frankel, LT Hatch, D Risch, JE Stanistreet, M Thompson, E Vu, and SM Van Parijs. (2018). Communicating amidst the noise: modeling the aggregate influence of ambient and vessel noise on baleen whale communication space in a national marine sanctuary. Endangered Species Research, 36, 59-75. doi:10.3354/esr00875

Ellison, WT, BL Southall, AS Frankel, K Vigness-Raposa, and CW Clark. (2018). An Acoustic Scene Perspective on Spatial, Temporal, and Spectral Aspects of Marine Mammal Behavioral Responses to Noise. Aquatic Mammals, 44(3), 239-243. doi:10.1578/am.44.3.2018.239

Fournet MEH, Gabriele CM, Sharpe F, Straley JM, Szabo A (2018) Feeding calls produced by solitary humpback whales. Mar Mamm Sci

Fournet, M. E. H., Matthews, L. P., Gabriele, C. M., Mellinger, D. K., & Klinck, H. (2018). Source levels of foraging humpback whale calls. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 143(2), EL105. doi:10.1121/1.5023599

Fournet, M. E. H., Jacobsen, L.,
Gabriele, C. M., Mellinger, D. K., & Klinck, H. (2018). More of the same: allopatric humpback whale populations share acoustic repertoire. PeerJ, 6, e5365. doi:10.7717/peerj.5365

Fournet, M. E. H., Matthews, L. P.,
Gabriele, C. M., Haver, S., Mellinger, D. K., & Klinck, H. (2018). Humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae alter calling behavior in response to natural sounds and vessel noise. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 607, 251-268.

Frankel AS (2018) Sound. In: Würsig B, Thewissen JGM, Kovacs KM (eds) Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic Press

Gabriele, C. M., Ponirakis, D. W., Clark, C. W., Womble, J. N., & Vanselow, P. B. S. (2018). Underwater Acoustic Ecology Metrics in an Alaska Marine Protected Area Reveal Marine Mammal Communication Masking and Management Alternatives. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5. doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00270

Orbach, D. N., Pearson, H. C., Beier-Engelhaupt, A., Deutsch, S., Srinivasan, M., Weir, J. S.,
Yin, S., and Würsig, B. (2018). "Long-Term Assessment of Spatio-Temporal Association Patterns of Dusky Dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) off Kaikoura, New Zealand," Aquatic Mammals 44, 608-619.

Trumble, S. J., Norman, S. A., Crain, D. D., Mansouri, F., Winfield, Z. C., Sabin, R., Potter, C. W.,
Gabriele, C. M., and Usenko, S. (2018). "Baleen whale cortisol levels reveal a physiological response to 20th century whaling," Nature Communications 9.


Frankel AS, Gabriele CM (2017) Predicting the acoustic exposure of humpback whales from cruise and tour vessel noise in Glacier Bay, Alaska, under different management strategies. Endangered Species Research 34:397-415

Gabriele CM, Neilson JL, Straley JM, Baker CS, Cedarleaf JA, Saracco JF (2017) Natural history, population dynamics, and habitat use of humpback whales over 30 years on an Alaska feeding ground. Ecosphere

Matthews LP, Gabriele CM, Parks SE (2017) The Role of Season, Tide, and Diel Period in the Presence of Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina) Breeding Vocalizations in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska. Aq Mamm 43:537-546

Matthews LP, Parks SE, Fournet ME, Gabriele CM, Womble JN, Klinck H (2017) Source levels and call parameters of harbor seal breeding vocalizations near a terrestrial haulout site in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve. J Acoust Soc Am 141:EL274

McKenna MF, Gabriele C, Kipple B (2017) Effects of marine vessel management on the underwater acoustic environment of Glacier Bay National Park, AK. Ocean & Coastal Management 139:102-112

Pitman RL, Deecke VB, Gabriele CM, Srinivasan M, Black N, Denkinger J, Durban JW, Mathews EA, Matkin DR, Neilson JL, Schulman-Janiger A, Shearwater D, Stap P, Ternullo R (2017) Humpback whales interfering when mammal-eating killer whales attack other species: Mobbing behavior and interspecific altruism? Mar Mamm Sci 33:7-58


Ellison WT, Racca R, Clark CW, Streever B, Frankel AS, Fleishman E, Angliss R, Berger J, Ketten D, Guerra M, Leu M, McKenna M, Sformo T, Southall B, Suydam R, Thomas L (2016) Modeling the aggregated exposure and responses of bowhead whales Balaena mysticetus to multiple sources of anthropogenic underwater sound. Endangered Species Research 30:95-108

Fleishman E, Streever B, Angliss R, Clark CW, Ellison WT, Frankel A, Gedamke J, Leu M, McKenna M, Racca R, Simmons S, Suydam R (2016) Current Status of Development of Methods to Assess Effects of Cumulative or Aggregated Underwater Sounds on Marine Mammals. In: Popper AN, Hawkins A (eds) The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II, Book 875. Springer New York

Frankel AS, Vigness-Raposa K, Giard J, White A, Ellison WT (2016) Exposures v. Individuals: Effects of varying movement patterns and animal behavior on long-term animat model exposure predictions. Proceeding of Meetings in Acoustics 27:010038

Pierszalowski SP, Gabriele CM, Steel DJ, Neilson JL, Vanselow PBS, Cedarleaf JA, Straley JM, Baker CS (2016) Local recruitment of humpback whales in Glacier Bay and Icy Strait, Alaska, over 30 years. Endangered Species Research 31:177-189


Frankel AS, Zeddies D, Simard P, Mann D (2014) Whistle source levels of free-ranging bottlenose dolphins and Atlantic spotted dolphins in the Gulf of Mexico. J Acoust Soc Am 135:1624–1631

Wild LA, Gabriele CM (2014) Putative contact calls made by humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Southeastern Alaska. Can Acoust 42:23-31


Baker CS, Steel D, Calambokidis J, Falcone E, González-Peral U, Barlow J, Burdin AM, Clapham PJ, Ford JKB, Gabriele CM, Mattila D, Rojas-Bracho L, Straley JM, Taylor BL, Urbán J, Wade PR, Weller D, Witteveen BH, Yamaguchi M (2013) Strong maternal fidelity and natal philopatry shape genetic structure in North Pacific humpback whales. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 494:291-306

Fleishman E, Streever B, Angliss R, Clark C, Ellison WT, Frankel A, Simmons S, Suydam R (2013) Assessment of cumulative effects of anthropogenic underwater sound on marine mammals. In. Proc Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life III

Frankel AS, Goodwin B, Kirk K, Walsh M, Hawthorne DL, Gabriele CM, Yin S, Taylor M, Krueger J, Greene CH (2013) Use of Wave Gliders in acoustic tracking of humpback whales. In: 20th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals

Saracco JF, Gabriele CM, Neilson JL (2013) Population dynamics and demography of humpback whales in Glacier Bay and Icy strait, Alaska. Northwest Nat:187-197


Ellison WT, Frankel AS (2012) A Common Sense Approach to Source Metrics. In: Popper AN, Hawkins A (eds) The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. Springer

Ellison WT, Southall BL, Clark CW, Frankel AS (2012) A new context-based approach to assess marine mammal behavioral responses to anthropogenic sounds. Conserv Biol 26:21-28

Hatch LT, Clark CW, Van Parijs SM, Frankel AS, Ponirakis DW (2012) Quantifying loss of acoustic communication space for right whales in and around a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary. Conserv Biol 26:983-994

Hendrix AN, Straley J, Gabriele CM, Gende SM, Chen Y (2012) Bayesian estimation of humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) population abundance and movement patterns in southeastern Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 69:1783-1797

Neilson JL, Gabriele CM, Jensen AS, Jackson K, Straley JM (2012) Summary of Reported Whale-Vessel Collisions in Alaskan Waters. Journal of Marine Biology 2012:1-18

Thorne LH, Johnston DW, Urban DL, Tyne J, Bejder L, Baird RW, Yin S, Rickards SH, Deakos MH, Mobley JR, Jr., Pack AA, Chapla Hill M (2012) Predictive modeling of spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris) resting habitat in the main Hawaiian Islands. PloS one 7:e4316


Barlow J, Calambokidis J, Falcone EA, Baker CS, Burdin AM, Clapham PJ, Ford JKB, Gabriele CM, LeDuc R, Mattila DK, Quinn TJ, Rojas-Bracho L, Straley JM, Taylor BL, Urbán R J, Wade P, Weller D, Witteveen BH, Yamaguchi M (2011) Humpback whale abundance in the North Pacific estimated by photographic capture-recapture with bias correction from simulation studies. Mar Mamm Sci 27:793-818


Andrews KR, Karczmarski L, Au WWL, Rickards SH, Vanderlip CA, Bowen BW, Gordon Grau E, Toonen RJ (2010) Rolling stones and stable homes: social structure, habitat diversity and population genetics of the Hawaiian spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris). Mol Ecol 19:732-748

Au WWL, Lammers MO, Yin S (2010) Acoustics of Dusky Dolphins. In: Würsig B, Würsig M (eds) The Dusky Dolphin: Master Acrobat off Different Shores. Academic Press

Frankel AS, Yin S (2010) A description of sounds recorded from melon-headed whales (Peponocephala electra) off Hawai'i. J Acoust Soc Am 127:3248–3255

Gabriele CM, Clark CW, Frankel AS, Kipple B (2010a) Glacier Bay’s Underwater Sound Environment: The Effects of Cruise Ship Noise on Humpback Whale Habitat. 

Gabriele CM, Lockyer C, Straley JM, Jurasz CM, Kato H (2010b) Sighting history of a naturally marked humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) suggests ear plug growth layer groups are deposited annually. Mar Mamm Sci 26:443-450

Simard P, HIbbard AL, McCallister KA, Frankel AS, Zeddies DG, Sisson GM, Gowans S, Forys EA, Mann DA (2010) Depth dependent variation of the echolocation pulse rate of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) J Acoust Soc Am 127:568-578


Clark CW, Ellison WT, Southall BL, Hatch L, Van Parijs SM, Frankel A, Ponirakis D (2009) Acoustic masking in marine ecosystems: intuitions, analysis, and implication. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 395:201-222

Ellison WT, Schroeder CL, Zeddies D, Frankel AS (2009) Marine assessment, decision, and planning tool for protected species: Phase I Final Report. In. Marine Acoustics, Inc, Middleton, RI

Frankel AS, Yin S, Hoffhines M (2009) Alternative methods for determining the altitude of theodolite observation stations. Mar Mamm Sci 25:214-220

Herman DP, Ylitalo GM, Robbins J, Straley JM, Gabriele CM, Clapham PJ, Boyer RH, Tilbury KL, Pearce RW, Krahn MM (2009) Age determination of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae through blubber fatty acid compositions of biopsy samples. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 392:277-293

Straley JM, Quinn TJ, II , Gabriele CM (2009) Assessment of mark-recapture models to estimate the abundance of a humpback whale feeding aggregation in Southeast Alaska. Journal of Biogeography 36:427-438 2008

Calambokidis J, Falcone EA, Quinn TJ, Burdin AM, Clapham PJ, Ford JKB, Gabriele CM, LeDuc R, Mattila D, Rojas-Bracho L, Straley JM, Taylor BL, R. JU, Weller D, Witteveen BH, Yamaguchi M, Bendlin A, Camacho D, Flynn K, Havron A, Huggins J, Maloney N (2008) SPLASH: Structure of Populations, Levels of Abundance and Status of Humpback Whales in the North Pacific. In. U.S. Dept of Commerce

Frankel AS, Driscoll-Lind AD (2008) Trends in Ambient Noise over multiple time scales off Kaloko-HonokĊhau National Historic Park, Island of Hawai‘i In. National Park Service

Neilson JL, Straley JM, Gabriele CM, Hills S (2008) Non-lethal entanglement of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in fishing gear in northern Southeast Alaska. Journal of Biogeography 36:452-464

Steiger GH, Calambokidis J, Straley JM, Herman LM, Cerchio S, Salden DR, Urbán RJ, Jacobsen JK, von Ziegesar O, Balcomb KC, Gabriele CM, Dahlheim ME, Uchida S, Ford JKB, Ladrón de Guevara-P. P, Yamaguchi M, Barlow J (2008) Geographic variation in killer whale attacks on humpback whales in the North Pacific: implications for predation pressure. Endangered Species Research 4:247-256

Zoidis AM, Smultea MA, Frankel AS, Hopkins J, Day A, Ertl S, Whitt A, Fertl D (2008) Sounds attributed to humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) calves recorded in Hawai‘i. J Acoust Soc Am 123:1737-1746


Gabriele CM, Straley JM, Neilson JL (2007) Age at first calving of female humpback whales in southeastern Alaska. Mar Mamm Sci 23:226-239

Haviland-Howell G, Frankel AS, Powell CM, Bocconcelli A, Herman RL, Sayigh LS (2007) Recreational boating traffic: A chronic source of anthropogenic noise in the Wilmington, North Carolina Intracoastal Waterway. J Acoust Soc Am 122:151-160


Andrews KR, Karczmarski L, Au WWL, Rickards SH, Vanderlip CA, . RJT (2006) Patterns of genetic diversity of the Hawaiian spinner dolphin. Atoll Research Bulletin 543:65-73

Neilson JL, Gabriele CM (2006) Results of humpback whale population monitoring in Glacier Bay and adjacent waters: 2006. In. U.S. National Park Service, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve


Frankel AS (2005) Gray whales hear and respond to signals 21 kHz and higher. In: Proc 16th biennial conference on the biology of marine mammals, San Diego

Yin S, Frankel AS, Gabriele CM, Rickards SH (2005) Using compass and reticle binoculars to measure animal position: An evaluation and comparison to theodolite data. In. Proc 16th biennial conference on the biology of marine mammals


Mizroch SA, Herman LM, Straley JM, Glockner-Ferrari DA, Jurasz C, Darling J, Cerchio S, Gabriele CM, Salden DR, Ziegesar Ov (2004) Estimating the adult survival rate of central north Pacific humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). J Mamm 85:963-972

Östman-Lind J, Driscoll-Lind AD, Rickards SH (2004) Dephinid abundance, distribution and habitat use off the western coast of the Island of Hawai‘i In. Southwest Fisheries Science Center


Craig AS, Herman LM, Gabriele CM, Pack AA (2003) Migratory timing of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the central North Pacific varies with age, sex and reproductive status. Behaviour 140:981-1001

Gabriele CM, Rickards SH, Yin SE, Frankel AS (2003) Trends in Relative Distribution, Abundance and Population Composition of Humpback Whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in Kawaihae Bay, Hawai‘i 1988-2003. In:


Frankel AS, Clark CW (2002) ATOC and other factors affecting the distribution and abundance of humpback whales off the North Shore of Kaua'i. Mar Mamm Sci 18:644-662

Frankel AS, Ellison WT, Buchanan J (2002) Application of the Acoustic Integration Model (AIM) to predict and minimize environmental impacts. IEEE Oceans 2002:1438-1443

Gabriele CM, Frankel AS (2002) The occurrence and significance of humpback whale songs in Glacier Bay, Southeastern Alaska. Arctic Res US 16:42-47


Au WWL, Frankel AS, Helweg DA, Cato DH (2001) Against the Humpback Whale Sonar Hypothesis. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 26:295-300
Calambokidis J, Steiger GH, Straley JM, Herman LM, Cerchio S, Salden DR, Urban RJ, Jacobsen JK, von Ziegesar O, Balcomb KC, Gabriele CM, Dahlheim ME, Uchida S, Ellis G, Miyamura Y, de GPPL, Yamaguchi M, Sato F, Mizroch SA, Schlender L, Rasmussen K, Barlow J, Quinn TJ, II (2001) Movements and population structure of humpback whales in the North Pacific. Mar Mamm Sci 17:769-794

Gabriele CM, Straley JM, Mizroch SA, Baker CS, Craig AS, Herman LH, Glockner-Ferrari D, Ferrari MJ, Cerchio S, vonZiegesar O, Darling J, McSweeney D, T.J. Quinn I, Jacobsen JK (2001) Estimating the mortality rate of humpback whale calves in the central North Pacific Ocean. Can J Zool 79:589-600
Rickards SH, Ross GL, Gilardi J (2001) Spinner Dolphins (Stenella longirostris) of Midway Atoll, Northwest Hawaiian Archipelago: February - November, 2000. In. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service


Frankel AS, Clark CW (2000) Behavioral responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) to full-scale ATOC signals. J Acoust Soc Am 108:1930-1937


Mobley JR, Jr, Grotefendt RA, Forestell PH, Frankel AS (1999) Results of Aerial Surveys of Marine Mammals in the Major Hawaiian Islands (1993-1998). In. University of Hawai'i at West O'ahu

Yin SE (1999) Movement patterns, behaviors, and whistle sounds of dolphin groups off Kaikoura, New Zealand. M.S. thesis, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX


Cerchio S, Gabriele CM, Norris TF, Herman LM (1998) Movements of humpback whales between Kauai and Hawaii: implications for population structure and abundance estimation in the Hawaiian Islands. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 175:13-22

Frankel AS, Clark CW (1998) Results of low-frequency M-sequence noise playbacks to humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in Hawai‘i. Can J Zool 76:521-535


Calambokidis J, Steiger GH, Straley JM, II TJQ, Herman LM, Cerchio S, Salden DR, Yamaguchi M, Sato F, Urbán J, Jacobsen J, Ziegesar Ov, Balcomb KC, Gabriele CM, Dalheim ME, Higashi N, Uchida S, Ford JKB, Miyamura Y, Guevara PLd, Mizroch SA, Schlender L, Rasumssen K (1997) Abundance and population structure of humpback whales in the North Pacific basin. In. National Marine Fisheries Services, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, La Jolla, CA

Würsig B, Cipriano F, Slooten E, Constantine R, Barr K, Yin S (1997) Dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) off New Zealand: Status of Present Knowledge. Rep Int Whal Comm 47:715-722


Gabriele CM, Straley JM, Herman LM, Coleman RJ (1996) Fastest documented migration of a North Pacific humpback whale. Mar Mamm Sci 12:457-464


Frankel AS, Clark CW, Herman LM, Gabriele CM (1995a) Spatial Distribution, Habitat Utilization, and Social Interactions of Humpback Whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, off Hawai'i, determined using Acoustic and Visual Techniques. Can J Zool 73:1134-1146

Frankel AS, Mobley JR, Jr, Herman LM (1995b) Estimation of auditory response thresholds in humpback whales using biologically meaningful sounds. In: Kastelein RA, Thomas JA, Nachtigall PE (eds) Sensory Systems of Aquatic Mammals. DeSpil Publishers, Woerden, The Netherlands


Frankel AS (1994) Acoustic and Visual Tracking reveals distribution, song variability and social roles of humpback whales in Hawaiian waters. Dissertation, University of Hawai‘i at Manoa

Straley JM, Gabriele CM, Baker CS (1994) Annual reproduction by individually identified humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Alaskan waters. Mar Mamm Sci 10:87-92


Gabriele CM (1992) The behavior and residence characteristics of reproductive classes of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the Hawaiian Islands. M.A. Thesis, University of Hawai'i at Manoa


Cerchio S, Gabriele C, Frankel AS (1991) Inter-Island movements of humpback whales in the Hawaiian Islands: Three seasons off Kauai and Hawaii. In. Proc The Ninth biennial conference on the biology of Marine Mammals


Mobley JR, Jr, Herman LM, Frankel AS (1988) Responses of Wintering Humpback Whales Megaptera novaeangliae to Playback of Recordings of Winter and Summer Vocalizations and of Synthetic Sound. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 23:211-224


Frankel AS (1987) Sound playback experiments with humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Hawaiian waters. Master's Thesis, University of Hawai'i at Manoa,